Competitions by Bolyai
One of the most successful methods for influencing the development of talent for mathematics in young people is the organisation of mathematical competitions, so the BJMT undertook, in 1949, the organisation of a mathematical competition dating back to 1891 called the József Kürschák Competition (in order to popularise the author of the famous book on mathematical competition problems). It has always remained a competition for students who have just fi nished secondary school but later the participation of younger students was also accepted.
A new type of competition was founded in 1949 that was organised for university students, called the Miklós Schweitzer Competition (M. Schweitzer was a talented young student of mathematics who lived in Budapest during World War II and was a victim of the Holocaust). Except for the first year, the participants received a collection of mathematical problems (about ten each time) that were to be solved at home over a period of ten days. Due to the new type of this competition, the material (problems and solutions) from between 1949 and 1961 appeared in a book in English (On tests in higher mathematics, Akadémiai Kiadó) and that of the competitions between 1962 and 1991 in another (On tests in higher mathematics, Miklós Schweitzer competition, Springer).
Similarly, 1949 was the year of the foundation of the Dániel Arany Competition (D. Arany was the first editor of the Mathematical Journal for Secondary Schools). This is a competition similar to the J. Kürschák Competition but aimed at younger students, no older than grade 10. Every year there are several thousand participants.
A very similar competition for students of up to grade 8 is the Tamás Varga Competition. This competition was organised by the BJMT from 1985 until 1999. Since 2011 it is organised again by BJMT together with MATEGYE.